We all know that there are 4 exams for SharePoint 2007 or SharePoint 2010. Microsoft must think it's too easy to SharePoint pros, so they decide to brings us some thrill.
Based on what I can get from Internet so far, there are 5 exams for SharePoint administrators, and 4 or 5 exams for SharePoint developers. So, for anyone wants to be a "SharePoint guru", he/she would better pass all 9 or 10 exams.
(Because Microsoft is pushing SharePoint online so hard, it's reasonable they add 70-487 to the exam list)
MCSA(Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate): Windows Server 2012
70-410: Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012
70-411: Administering Windows Server 2012
70-412: Configuring Advanced Windows Server 2012 Services
MCSE(Microsoft Certified Solution Expert): SharePoint 2013
70-331: Core Solutions of Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013
70-332: Advanced Solutions of Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013
MCSD (Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer): SharePoint 2013
70-486: Developing ASP.NET MVC 4 Web Applications
70-488 Developing Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013 Core Solutions (currently in beta, release expected in June 2013)
70-489 Developing Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013 Advanced Solutions (currently in beta, release expected in June 2013)
[Update, 2013-05-06] removed "70-487", updated "70-488, 70-489"
[Update, 2014-09-20] New exam "70-517" is added for "Recertification for MCSD: SharePoint Applications", https://www.microsoft.com/learning/en-us/exam-70-517.aspx